Small Ruminant – Goat Preventive Health Care
The best way to deal with a medical problem is to prevent it from occurring in the first place.
The following are the recommendations of Mobile Veterinary Service for goat preventive health care. Printable PDF
Immediate New Born care: Most important – Be sure kid is nursing
- General physical exam
- Check to be sure is nursing well
- Dip naval
Check Nanny (adequate milk supply, passage of placenta, body condition, etc.)
Use CD&T – Clostridium Perfringens Type C, Clostridium Perfringens Type D, Tetanus
Give at: 1 week, 1 month, and 2 months
One way to protect kids from parasitism is to strategically deworm the does. To do this, treat kidding does with an effective de-wormer 3 weeks prior to kidding.
De-buding prevents the growth of horns. If sure that is not a polled breed (no horns), easiest at 1-2 weeks of age. If you are not sure, it is best to wait a few months to see if they begin to grow horns. If you choose to wait, at the first sign of a small “bump” beginning to grow debudding should be performed.
This is most easily done between 1-14 days of age, but can be accomplished later if needed, and for pet goats it is advisable to wait until after puberty (3-5 months).
Goats are very hardy animals and generally require only the most minimal of care once grown.
Suggest goat care:
Tetanus and C. Perfringens Type C and D
Parasitism is one of the top two reasons for death loss in goats. The best protocol for de-worming your goats will vary with types of parasites, and resistance and contamination levels within your pastures. Mobile Veterinary Service currently recommends the FAMACHA de-worming strategy.
In order to make effective treatment and control recommendations, it is essential to know what de-wormers are effective on the farm. An effective program requires more than giving medications; it includes: strategic timing, correct medication selection and dosage, and sound pasture management.
For more information on an effective de-worming strategy click here.
Hoof Care: Periodically, evaluate hooves for abnormalities and trim or treat as necessary
Body Condition: Evaluate goats regularly for proper amount of fat. Feed under conditioned goats more, and over conditioned goats less. Read more about goat nutrition here.